This mango is from Israel, where it is used as a rootstock. Of interesting note is that it apparently has good tolerance for calcareous soils with high salt content. The fruit are small and yellow. We planted this tree in 2017.
Ah Ping was selected in Hawaii and named after Mrs. Chun Ah Ping of Mapuleho, Molokai.
The tree has a spreading, moderately vigorous growth habit with long internodes. It’s a very good producer of *beautiful* red oval fruit with very firm, yet fiberless texture and very sweet classic flavor. The seed is monoembryonic.
Not as well known as it should be, we really like this fruit and it has proven to be popular with people who try it.
Ah Ping is an early season mango and usually ripens from May to June.
Unfortunately we have discovered that Ah Ping is highly prone to bacterial black spot and rot fungi.
This mango is from India, and should not be confused with “Baneshan” (also known as Banganpalli).
It is a distinct variety, developing very little skin color (often remaining green even when ripe), and has a firm light colored, almost white flesh that is very sweet with strong resin and spice flavors. The seed is monoembryonic.
Alampur Baneshan is a delicious mango, and the tree is of low vigor and quite manageable.
Unfortunately, it is a disappointing producer and in Florida has the unfortunate distinction of losing many of its fruit on the tree to cracking.
Known as the “king” of mangos among many in south India where it hails from, Alphonso is perhaps the most famous of the Indian mangos.
Though it is much prized in its homeland, Alphonso has developed a poor reputation in Florida for its performance in our climate. After some struggles initially, the fruit has impressed for the last several years. The flesh is yellow, medium firm, with minimal fiber, containing a monoembryonic seed.
It has a flavor rich in spice elements. Alphonso trees, which are vigorous growers, tend to struggle with disease in Florida on their flowers and fruit and their production often suffers as a result.
Good alternatives for those seeking the Alphonso flavor are ‘Angie’ and ‘Carrie’.
Ambika is a hybrid from India named after a goddess in Jainism. It is a cross between 'Amrapali' and 'Janardan Passand', and is reportedly a very delicious, productive and beautiful fruit.
We planted ours in 2017 and are excited to trial it here.
This mango came from the breeding program of Gary Zill in Boynton Beach, FL. Originally planting number 1-9, it was a 'Keitt' seedling that may have been pollinated by ‘East Indian’. Little else is known about it.
We planted our Ambrosia tree in 2017. The tree is a vigorous grower.
Ameeri is from India, an old variety introduced to Florida at the beginning of the 20th century. Not commonly found anymore, it has sometimes gone under the name ‘Amini Long’ (not to be confused with ‘Amini’, a different cultivar). The enlongated oval-shaped fruit develop a red blush and are reportedly of good eating quality.
We planted Ameeri in 2017.
This mango is from India, an old variety introduced to the US in 1901. It is still grown on a small level in south India though it is not widely known. Some grow it as a mango for pickling, but researchers in Miami at the turn of the 20th century considered it to be of excellent eating quality.
We planted Amini in 2017 and look forward to trying it in the coming years.
Amrapali is from India’s national breeding program, a “newer” cultivar developed in the 1970s by crossing 'Dasheri' and 'Neelam'. This makes Amrapali the sibling of the better known ‘Mallika’. Amrapali has developed a strong reputation as a disease resistant mango of excellent eating quality that also possesses strong attributes as a tree: it is considered dwarf, precocious and highly productive.
We planted our Amrapali in 2017 and topwroked it onto a mature tree in 2018 to evaluate it better.
Other Amrapali trees in Florida have grown extremely slowly.
Anderson was planted from a 'Haden' seed obtained in Jamaica. It was named after L.F. Anderson of Miami, FL and may have had ‘Sandersha’ as its pollinating parent. The fruit are very large, oblong shaped, turning a pinkish red at maturity. They have been described as being suitable for chutneys.
We obtained our tree in 2017 and planted it in 2018.
Angie is an exciting selection made from the former property of Frank Smathers in Miami, FL. It was likely a cross between Edward and Carrie, and shares traits from both. This variety has received considerable publicity due to being featured as a Curator's Choice mango at the Fairchild Mango Festival numerous times.
The fruit is shaped and colored similarly to Edward, is of medium size and firmness, with yellow fiberless flesh whose flavor closely mirrors that of the beloved ‘Carrie’. It possesses notes of rich spice, resin, apricot, with plenty of sweetness to go along with it. The seed is monoembryonic.
A wonderful fruit, the tree itself is very compact and easy to maintain, as well as being fairly resistant to anthracnose, though it can have issues with foliar scab when grown in humid interior areas.
We feel Angie is a good alternative to Carrie and Alphonso and it is fast becoming one of our most popular and sought after mangos.
It is an early season mango, usually maturing in June into July.
This mango came from India’s national breeding program, and it’s a cross between Neelam and Alphonso. It’s a medium sized yellow, elliptically shaped fruit and reportedly a semi-vigorous grower.
We planted ours in 2016 and it has grown slowly thus far.
Arka Puneet is a cross between Alphonso and Banganpalli, from India’s national breeding program. The fruit is described as yellow developing red blush, elliptically shaped and fiberless flesh. The trees are said to be vigorous and regular producers.
We planted our Arka Puneet in 2017 and it struggled to grow. It finally died in 2018.
This mango is the national pride of Indonesia, where it is native and quite popular among Indonesians. The spelling can vary, sometimes written as ‘Harumanis’.
The fruit are oblong, turning a light yellow at maturity, though in the interior they tend to stay green even when ripe. The flesh is an orange color, fiberless, and relatively mild-sweet in flavor, containing a polyembryonic seed.
The tree has grown relatively slowly for us and has a manageable growth habit. The fruit mature in June and July. We have discovered that Aromanis is highly prone to bacterial black spot and rot of the fruit.
Ataulfo is from Chiapas state, Mexico and has become established as one of the most important commercial cultivars in Mexico. It is now grown commercially elsewhere in Latin America as well.
The trees are vigorous, vertically oriented growers and moderate producers of small, oblong yellow mangos. It is thought to be descended from the ‘Manila’ group of mangos introduced to Mexcio from the Philippines, bearing some resemblance in flavor. The flesh is firm but fiberless, with a mild taste that sweetens up as the fruit becomes riper and skin wrinkled.
Bailey’s Marvel is a Haden-seedling from Bokeelia, FL named after the Bailey brothers who once grew mangos on Pine Island. Pedigree analysis has indicated that its pollinating parent may have been ‘Bombay’, to which it does have a similar fruit shape and foliage. Bailey’s Marvel trees are very vigorous growers with spreading canopies. They tend to produce well near the coast, but encounter fungus problems deeper into the interior.
The fruit are medium-to-large sized, typically over a pound, with a round shape. They have beautiful orange-red color when sun exposed. The eating quality is superb, and though its classic-group flavor is often compared to Haden, the flesh is fiber-free and definitely sweeter than its parent, with slightly more complexity. The seed is monoembryonic. Its greatest drawback is its short shelf-life, limiting its commercial potential, but that hasn’t stopped it from becoming one of the more popular varieties we grow.
This mango is from the Dominican Republic, and it is the most popular variety among Dominicans.
We obtained a small tree in 2017 that will be planted in 2018.
Baptiste is a variety from Haiti, not quite as famous as the Madame Francis but still widely grown there. It is an unusual mango, having a very firm but fiber-free flesh that also isn’t very juicy by mango-standards either, and contains a polyembryonic seed. The flavor is of medium-sweetness with strong notes of ‘carrot’, in addition to a resinous component.
The fruit are oval, small-to-medium sized and turn yellow at maturity with a reasonably long shelf life. They usually ripen in July. An odd fruit that has developed a niche following with those who appreciate its interesting flavor. The trees are vertically oriented, though only of medium vigor.
Becky is a mango from Florida. It’s a medium to large oval shaped fruit that develops some pink color. We obtained ours in 2017 and planted it in 2018 for evaluation.
Originally known as Douglas Bennett’s Golden Alphonso, (sometimes simply labelled ‘Bennett’), this mango was identified in the late 19th century in India as a distinct derivative of the popular Alphonso, and was actually considered an improvement over its likely parent. The fruit were slightly larger, and developed a golden color to the skin. Douglas Bennett had the tree sent to Florida from India in 1901 as the variety was viewed as ‘endangered’ with only a few trees left around Mumbai at the time. When the Bennett Alphonse began fruiting in Florida its flavor was highly regarded by those associated with the USDA’s plant introduction program in Miami. It was reportedly not, however, a good performer in Florida and never caught on here. We obtained a Bennett Alphonso tree from Hawaii in 2015 and planted it in 2017. In 2018 we discovered that it is actually a mis-labeled Alampur Baneshan or Iman Passand.
Beverly was selected by the Zill family of Boynton Beach, FL and may have been a Haden seedling. It was quickly recognized as a late season mango with very good eating quality. Indeed the Zills considered it superior to the other late-season mangos (such as Keitt and Kent), and many people who try it seem to agree.
The fruit are round-to-oval and shape and medium in size, yellow at maturity developing a light pink blush when grown along the coast. They are strong, steady producers and the fruit normally ripen between July and September. Like other late-season mangos, their seeds will sometimes sprout within the fruit as it begins to ripen. The flesh is yellow, soft, fiber-free containing a monoembryonic seed. It has a very rich, sweet classic flavor with some light ‘melon’ notes.
The trees themselves have a relatively spreading, low-medium vigour growth habit and are quite manageable. Unfortunately Beverly has been recently found to be prone to rot
This mango is from Cuba, commonly grown in the area around Santiago de Cuba. It received some attention from being promoted by Fairchild Garden in 2016 when the theme of their mango festival was ‘Mangos of Cuba’. Difficult to find in Florida, we planted a tree in 2017 for evaluation.
Blackie is from Jamaica, where it is sometimes known as ‘Black’ or ‘Green Gage’ depending on the locale. It is a small fruit that remains green at maturity, with an orange colored flesh that contains some fiber and a polyembryonic seed. We planted our Blackie tree in 2017 to serve Jamaican customers who request this variety.
This mango may be synonymous with the Indian ‘Paheri’, but is known under the name ‘Bombay’ in Jamaica where it is fairly popular. The trees are extremely vigorous growers with dense, spreading growth habit. They often struggle to flower in Florida, and are prone to disease, particularly powdery mildew. The fruit are small, round, and develop a light red/orange blush at maturity. The flesh is very rich and resinous, and completely fiber free, containing a monoembryonic seed. A wonderfully flavored fruit, Bombay has been a spotty producer for us thus far, so we are hopefully to get larger crops as the tree get older. They are a midseason fruit, typically ripening in July.
This is an older variety from India introduced to Florida in the early 20th century. It was regarded as an attractive fruit of very good eating quality, but is not widely grown in India today. We planted Borsha in 2016 and hope to see a first crop from it soon. It has been a regular, moderately vigorous grower.
This may be synonymous with Borsha, and we have been told they’re the same mango. We have one growing in a container currently.
Often spelled ‘Prahm Kei Meu’, this mango is from Thailand. It is most commonly consumed green before maturity when it is crunchy. However it can also be allowed to ripen when it develops what most would consider a typical Thai flavor with floral and honey notes, lacking any tart component. The seed is long and polyembryonic.
Our Brahm Kai Meu has grown quite slowly, despite not being a dwarf tree. They are any early-to-mid season fruit, ripening from June to July in Florida.
Brooks was the second important cultivar to be selected in Florida after ‘Haden’, and was a seedling of the Sandersha (aka Totapuri, aka Bangalora) that first fruited in Miami in 1916. It was quickly recognized for its strong production and its late season bearing habit, holding fruit in August and sometimes September. Firm flesh and acceptable mild flavor resulted in it being planted commercially.
Thereafter, it became the parent of a number of more famous Florida cultivars, including Kent, Keitt, Hatcher, and others, all of which were viewed as improvements over it and resulted in it being phased out by many growers. Despite this, old Brooks trees can still be found in parts of south Florida. Unfortunately we have found that its descendents are all susceptible to bacterial spot and rot fungi, which likely means Brooks itself is highly susceptible. We planted a Brooks tree in 2017 anyway for evaluation purposes but are planning to topwork it after all the fruit rotted in 2018.
This mango is an Edward seedling from the breeding program of Gary Zill in Boynton Beach, FL. Its pollinating parent is uncertain, but its flavor is of the Indochinese-hybrid sort, somewhat similar to ‘Venus’ and other Zinc progeny. It is a large fruit that stays relatively green at maturity, with a bumpy, uneven skin that makes the fruit look rather unattractive. However, the flavor is deliciously rich and sweet, and the original tree is fairly productive. We think it has promise and began growing it in 2017 for evaluation.
Buxton Spice is from Guyana, where it is very popular among its citizens, probably the most well-known mango in Guyana. We planted a tree in 2016 and are waiting to evaluate it.
Cac (also spelled “Côc”) is from Vietnam, though its precise identification is unclear. It may be synonymous with ‘Cat Chu’ to which it bears strong resemblance in photographs, or it may be a distinct cultivar. Either way, this mango was introduced to Florida over a decade ago, and has fast caught on as one of the most promising “new” varieties to be grown here.
The fruit is exceptionally rich and sweet, with a brilliant acid component to balance out its sweetness. A really terrific Indochinese hybrid that likely contains genes from both southeast Asian and Indian lines, Cac is also a good steady producer and largely disease-free. The fruit is heart-shaped, yellow and averages around a pound at maturity. Its major drawback is that the trees are quite vigorous, with a spreading growth habit that will likely be difficult to control over time. For this reason its not a good option for people with tree size concerns. It is a mid-season mango in Florida, primarily ripening from late June into July most years.
This mango was sent to Florida by David Fairchild from Saigon in spring of 1902. In Vietnam it is known under the name Xoi Voi. It was recognized for its good production and anthracnose resistance. The fruit is small, oval and light yellow in color. The flesh is fiberless and has a mellowed sweet flavor, containing a polyembryonic seed.
Cambodiana was likely the parent of the Zill Indochinese (Zinc) mango, and its aroma is strikingly similar to Zinc’s progeny ‘Sweet Tart’ and ‘Venus’. It is an early season mango ripening primarily in June.
Carla was selected from Gary Zill’s breeding program (planting # C-12) in Boynton Beach, FL and was released in 2016. It was a Zill-80 seedling with ‘Gary’ likely as pollinating parent. The fruit tends to mature mid-to-later season and has a complex delicious classic-acidic flavor similar to its siblings 'Fruit Punch' and 'India'. The seed is monoembryonic. We planted Carla in 2017 for evaluation purposes.
Carrie was a seedling of Sophie Fry, and a grandchild of the Julie mango. It was selected by the Zill family in the 1940s and named after Carrie Zill, Laurence Zill’s grandmother. The Carrie had a very unique strong flavor that made it very popular among those who appreciated it. Today it has a strong following by people from India who liken it to the Alphonso, as well as people from the West Indies who enjoy its spice component in the flavor.
Americans tend to be divided on it, with some regarding it as their favorite and others finding the flavor too medicinal and overpowering. The fruit itself is small-to-medium sized, oval shaped and only yellow at maturity; when grown inland it often stays green when ripe. Its an early season mango generally ripening from May to July.
The fruit do not ripen well when harvested early and should be allowed to soften while on the tree. They must then immediately be harvested and consumed within approximately 48 hours, after which they become overripe and objective. The fruit is also extremely soft, bruising very easily and making them difficult to handle or ship. Once considered very fungus resistant, we have found that Carrie is susceptible to newer strains of anthracnose particularly in marginal growing areas in the interior. Due to its drawbacks.
We no longer are planting Carrie but do have a number of trees in production. Good alternatives for those seeking Carrie when its unavailable is the Angie, Super Julie, Ugly Betty, or Juliett.
This mango (full name Xoai Cat Chu) is one of the most common commercially grown cultivars in Vietnam today. It is highly desired for its flavor attributes and is exported from Vietnam to neighboring Asian countries for this reason. We aren’t entirely sure if this variety is synonymous with what is known in Florida as ‘Cac’, though photographs of Cat Chu from Vietnam appear quite similar.
We obtained a Cat Chu tree from a local nursery in 2012, and it did not fruit until 2017. The fruit from this tree looked different from the Cat Chu fruit in Vietnam, but we took budwood from it and grafted a new tree that was planted in West Palm Beach in 2017 for further evaluation.
Hoa Lôc is perhaps the best known mango in Vietnam and highly sought after by people from Vietnam. For this reason we just recently planted a tree in 2017.
This is presumably from Vietnam. It is a large fruit that doesn’t resemble the more popularly known Vietnamese cultivars. We planted ours in 2017.
Chene 2 is from South Africa. Not much else is known about it. We planted one in 2017 for evaluation.
Chino is a large, round colorful mango from Cienfuegos, Cuba. We planted one in 2015 and it fruited in 2018. Despite a reputation for being a fibrous, mediocre mango we found that the fiber was minimal and the flavor quite rich and sweet, belonging in the classic group and comparable to Bailey's Marvel and Maya.
This mango is from Thailand, and has earned a reputation for flowering and fruiting in the off-season when most mangos have no fruit. Despite this reputation, most Chokanon trees has larger summer crops and don’t always fruit in the winter. It is a small, oblong shaped yellow fruit with a small amount of fiber in its flesh, containing a polyembryonic seed. It is a Thai-type flavor with honeyed sweetness. The trees tend to be fairly productive and anthracnose resistant. They’re medium growers with a spreading growth habit.
Chokanon is an early season mango in Florida ripening primarily from June to July.
Coconut Cream was selected by Gary Zill from his breeding program in Boynton Beach, FL. It is one of only a few patented mangos in existence, and was a cross between the ‘Edward’ and ‘Gary’. It has become famous for its pronounced coconut flavor coupled with a rich sweetness. This trait has made Coconut Cream a very high demand mango; unfortunately the production from the trees thus far has been somewhat disappointing.
The fruit are medium sized, yellow developing some pinkish blush.
The flesh is soft, light yellow, fiberless and goes overripe rather quickly. The seed is small and polyembryonic. The trees have rather unwieldy, spreading growth habits and are fairly vigorous growers. They are early/mid-season mangos, ripening primarily from June through July.
This mango was selected in Bokeelia, FL on Pine Island and was likely a Haden seedling. It received a small amount of attention in the 1940s but wasn’t viewed as having commercial potential, so largely remained in the mango collections of Dade county and un-propagated. Carl and Richard Campbell took a liking to the fruit however, and Richard began promoting it in the 1990s as an excellent tree for home growers due to its compact growth habit, steady production and good eating traits.
The fruit are oval-oblong, medium sized, developing beautiful red blush with yellow background color. The flesh is very soft, fiberless and its another variety that can go overripe quickly. The seed is monoembryonic and freestone.
The flavor is in the classic group, peachy and moderately sweet. While the trees are very manageable, the flowers and fruit are prone to anthracnose when grown in the deep interior.
Cogshall is an early season mango and matures from May through June for us. It also appears fairly resistand to bacterial spot and rot.
We believe this mango is from Puerto Rico but don’t know much about it.
We planted one in 2017.
This mango is from Haiti where it is very common. Our tree produces well. The fruit is yellow, oblong shaped and on the smaller side.
Though it is quite sweet and rich, the flesh is very fibrous. The seed is polyembryonic. Customers who don’t mind the fiber seem to enjoy it. Its an early season mango ripening from June to July, often blooming twice. Corne is very prone to anthracnose and is at least moderately susceptible to bacterial spot and rot of the fruit.
This mango is from Gary Zill’s breeding program in Boynton Beach, FL and was a Keitt seedling, possibly pollinated by ‘Gary’. It has an *extremely* sweet and robust flavor that can be ‘too much’ from some. A real sugar bomb. It was released in 2016 and we planted several in 2017 for evaluation as a potential late-season alternative to Keitt.
This variety was selected by Gary Zill from his breeding program in Boynton Beach, FL. It had only fruited a couple times for him and was described as having an exceptional Indian type flavor. We started growing it in 2017 to see if we can get it to fruit in our coastal zone. The flavor is firmly in the Indian/West Indian flavor group and is very impressive.
This mango was thought to be a seedling of Zill-80. It grows on the former property of Laurence Zill in Lantana, FL. The tree is a good producer of medium-to-large sized round shaped fruit that turn a brilliant fire engine-red color. The flavor is of the classic group, sweet with nice acid component to balance it. They mature mid-season largely in July. We planted Crimson Delight in 2017.
This mango was selected in Miami many decades ago by E.L. Cushman, and is of uncertain parentage. It is a round-shaped yellow fruit that often resembles a grapefruit. Its flesh is fiberless, yellow, with a distinctive orange “halo” outlining the periphery of the flesh near the skin. The seed is small and monoembryonic. The flavor is of the classic group and comparable to ‘Edward’. The trees can be very disease-prone and unproductive depending on where they are being grown. Cushman is a midseason cultivar and usually ripens July-August in south Florida. Sadly we have discovered that Cushman is highly prone to mango bacterial black spot of the fruit.
Sometimes spelled Dusheri, this mango is from northern India. It is considered one of the best of the north Indian mangos and has a unique citrus-type flavor reminiscent of the Burmese mangos, with whom it may share a common ancestor. It has an oblong shape and is yellow at maturity.
Dasheri is a relatively recent introduction to Florida and reportedly fruited poorly at Fairchild Farm in Homestead.
We are trialing it on two different rootstocks to see how it performs in our area.
Davis Haden was a mutation of Haden select and named by Ed P Davis, a mango grower in Miami in the 1940s. It was considered an improvement over Haden with less fiber and superior yield and anthracnose resistance. The flavor is somewhat mild stone fruit.
The fruit are oval-ovate and turn a brilliant red color at maturity, and medium sized. Unfortunately, Davis Haden has proven to be highly susceptible to Bacterial Black Spot and rotting fungi, to the point that a majority of its heavy crops are lost to these diseases for the last several years. We have topworked our tree into a Juliett, and no longer recommend Davis Haden for planting.
This mango was selected and propagated by mango enthusiast David Burd of Venice, FL. We know little about it but planted one in 2017.
Delores is a Keitt seedling selected by Gary Zill from his breeding project in Boynton Beach, FL (planting # D-24), first fruiting in 2000. ‘Gary’ may have been the pollinating parent. It was released in 2016 and we planted our tree in 2017.
Delores is reportedly very productive and will be evaluated as a late-season cultivar.
Diab is a mango from Egypt, where it has fallen out of favor due to susceptibility to malformation disease. It is an extremely vigorous, upright grower and appears to have difficulty flowering in Florida. Ours has produced a crop though.
The flavor is similar to other Egyptian cultivars such as Zebda and Hindi Besenara, with a syrupy sweetness and is closer to Thai rather than Indian flavor. It is a large, oblong fruit that turns a mottled green-purple color at maturity.
it is too anthracnose prone for interior areas, and we have found that Diab is highly prone to bacterial spot and rot of the fruit. It is a mid-season producer in south Florida.
This mango was selected from Gary Zill’s breeding program in Boynton Beach, FL as a Julie seedling, and may have had Nam Doc Mai as a pollen parent. Gary Zill was less impressed with the fruit but Richard Campbell, then curator of Fairchild Garden’s fruit program, took a liking to it. Intially the fruit was named ‘Fairchild Diamond’, then later changed to ‘Diamond’, *not* to be confused with the ‘Diamond’ mango from Myanmar (aka Sein Ta Lone).
The HW-14 is a compact tree and appears productive, though the fruit has a mild, somewhat odd objective flavor we compare to that of a vegetable. However, some people seem to really like it and we are growing one tree.
This mango is from Mexico, and likely had a Florida-type mango as its parent. It was introduced to the US in the 90s by Dr. Richard Campbell.
The fruit have the visual appearance of a Cogshall and the eating quality of a Tommy Atkins, with a fibrous, somewhat insipid flesh.
We discovered several years ago that Diplomatico is extremely susceptible to bacterial black spot, to such a high degree that every single fruit would get consumed by bacterial cankers and split open on the tree, eventually falling off and rotting. Diplomatico really has no place in anyone’s yard and we have topworked ours into a Cac.
Presumably this mango is from the Dominican Republic. We obtained ours from a local nursery and planted it in 2016. We know little else about it.
Dot was selected by the Zill family of Boynton Beach, FL and named after Dorothy Zill, wife of Laurence Zill and mother of Walter, Gary and Marlys Zill. Originally it was speculated to be a Carrie seedling, though USDA pedigree analysis estimated it was from ‘Zill’, to which it also probably bears more resemblance in terms of shape and ripening traits. Dot is known for its exceptionally rich, robust and delicious flavor that many people treasure. It’s flavor is unique and difficult to classify by group. It is ovate in shape and typically yellow at maturity, sometimes with a little pink blush. The flesh is yellow, fiberless, and contains a monoembryonic seed.
The trees are moderately vigorous growers with spreading, open canopy. They tend to be precocious and flower regularly, and are consistent producer. They are high fungus prone though and will not perform well in deeper interior areas.
The fruit are early-to-mid season, and ripen between June and July. They must not be allowed to ripen on the tree or will turn overripe and musky, and they will hang on well past peak ripeness if not harvest on time. But a properly ripened Dot is truly incredible to taste!
Duncan was an Edward seedling selected by David Sturrock and the result of a cross between the Edward and a Philippine mango. It was named after Ralph Duncan of Boynton Beach, who had contributed to a book written by Sturrock. Duncan was observed to be a highly productive and disease resistant tree, producing medium sized clean yellow fruit with an Indochinese flavor. Consequently David Sturrock patented the Duncan, making it one of the few Florida mangos to receive a patent.
Duncan trees are low vigour growers with spreading growth habit, and are very manageable. The fruit have a long season lasting from late June into early August, and the later fruit tend to be superior to the earlier maturing ones. We still harvest the original tree, along with 20 others.
Sometimes just called ‘Dupuis’, this was a seedling of Saigon selected by Dr. John Dupuis. The trees are very vigorous, vertical growers. They are good producers of small-to-medium sized, oblong-shaped yellow fruit that develop limited pink blush. The flesh is fiberless with a delightfully sweet hybrid flavor with a touch of tropical acidity, making it popular among those who try it.
Dupuis Saigon is an early season mango ripening between May and June for us, and usually has a short season spanning a couple weeks. It is somewhat anthracnose prone and its performance in the interior suffers as a result, but the trees excel along the coast.
This mango is now commonly known as ‘Dwarf Hawaiian’ despite actually being from Puerto Rico, where it was given the name ‘Tete Nene’. It was likely a Julie seedling, and its growth habit and foliage resemble that of Julie, as does the flavor.
Dwarf Hawaiians are compact, dwarfish trees that require hardly any pruning when young. They appear to be very sensitive to changes in temperatures and humidity, resulting in early flowering every year in the fall, and usually will flower multiple times during the course of the bloom season in south Florida. Typically this means the tree will hold multiple crops.
The fruit are on the small side, round shaped and turn red in color. The flesh has a small amount of fiber, but possess a wonderfully rich and spice filled flavor with the right amount of sweetness. We are big fans of this mango and customers seem to enjoy it too. The earliest fruit tend to come in April but the second crop occurs from June to July. It does appear to be too anthracnose prone for interior areas, but performs impressively close to the ocean.
This mango was selected by Frank Adams of Bokeelia, FL in the 1940s. It received some recognition from the Florida Mango Forum during that time period but never became widely planted or propagated. It had the distinction of fruiting in the spring months, hence the name it received.
Pedigree analysis has indicated it was a Haden seedling. We planted an Earlygold in 2017 for evaluation as an ultra-early cultivar.
East Indian is from Jamaica where it is extremely popular. It is an oblong, green colored mango of medium size. The flesh is highly fibrous and it is best utilized as a juice mango for this reason. The flavor is richly sweet and very resinous. Unfortunately, despite high demand among people from Jamaica, East Indian trees tend to perform poorly across south Florida. Even in West Palm Beach in good growing conditions, East Indian has been very problematic for us to fruit due to fungal problems.
What fruit the trees do produce tend to be consumed by anthracnose while on the tree. For this reason we do not recommend East Indian for planting in Florida, and may topwork our existing tree to something else in the future.
Edgar was a cross between Edward and Gary from the breeding program of Gary Zill in Boynton Beach, FL. The trees appear to be good producers and the flavor has been well received. We planted an Edgar tree in 2017.
Edward is thought to be a cross between Haden and Philippine-Carabao by Edward Simmonds, who ran the USDA’s plant introduction program in Miami in the early 20th century. In the 1920s Simmonds attempting to hybridize mangos of Indian origin with Indochinese-type mangos in an attempt to create varieties with the flavor of the Indian types but with the disease resistance of Indochinese-types. One of these hybrids by Simmonds was recognized for its outstanding eating quality, and was later named and described by David Sturrock of West Palm Beach. Sturrock brought the Edward mango to the attention of other growers, and propagation began in the 1940s.
The fruit is oval in shape, yellow in color and develops a beautiful orange and red blush with sun exposure. The flesh is fiberless, of medium firmness and has a lovely aroma and a smooth, richly sweet flavor with a small amount of acidity to balance it out. This flavor appeals to people from all around the world and makes Edward popular with almost everybody.
Unfortunately Edward trees developed an earned reputation for being shy bearers, and this trait limited its commercial application. In some areas though Edward trees produce well, and its now grown on some limited commercial scale in Latin America.
Whether they produce lightly or heavily, Edward trees tend to be consistent producers because of their ease in flowering. Our large Edward trees begin to bloom in the fall by November, with second and third blooms generally following in the winter months. This results in an early, extended season that runs from April to July most years.
Edward is a fruit that has stood the test of time and we are proud to call it our primary mango, with many trees over 70 years old.
This mango was selected by Walter B. Eldon of Miami, FL in the 1940s. Its parentage is unknown, but its definitely descended from Indian-types. The trees are very good producers and have been introduced to West Africa as a commercial variety.
The fruit is medium sized, and turns a tomato red color at maturity. The flesh is fiberless, with a mild classic-type flavor. The fruit goes overripe quickly if allowed to ripen on the trees, and should be harvested mature green. We have a large old Eldon tree that produces massive crops. Unfortunately we have discovered that Eldon is highly prone to bacterial black spot, and do not recommend its planting for this reason.
Emerald was selected on Pine Island, FL and probably had Bombay in its parentage. It has been promoted by Fairchild Garden’s Mango Festival as a curator’s choice tree in the past. The fruit has a firmer flesh than Bombay and tends to get slightly larger. The flavor is similar though not quite identical, and belongs in the Indian/West Indian flavor group. We actually like this mango a lot but have been unimpressed by its production. The fruit are a light green color at maturity, sometimes with just a hint of pink blush. They are mid-season and ripen mostly in late June/July.
Ewais is from Egypt. It is a small, ovate-shaped yellow fruit with a fiberless flesh and exceptionally sweet flavor that surprises those who have never tried it. The tree is non-precocious, and takes a while to start producing. It has a medium vigor, upright growth habit and may struggle to flower in the climate of south Florida. When it does flower though it sets a lot of fruit and makes nice crops. It is a mid-season cultivar and ripens mostly in July.
This mango was selected in Hawaii and was a seedling of Irwin. The fruit are known for being very beautiful and reputed to be of good eating quality. We obtained a tree labelled as an 'Excel' from Hawaii and planted it in 2017. In 2018 it fruited and we discovered it is actually a mislabeled Mapulehu.
This mango was selected in the Panama Canal Zone in the early 1900s, and was a favorite of David Fairchild and his family, after whom it was named. It was probably a hybrid between a Saigon-type mango and an Indian variety, as it possesses indochinese characteristics but is monoembryonic. It was first introduced to the US via Hawaii in 1926, and later to Florida by David Fairchild in 1936 but did not receive propagation. In the 1990s it was re-introduced to Florida by Carl Campbell and ultimately promoted by his son Richard for its value as a back yard tree.
Fairchild fruit are small, oblong-ovoid in shape and turn yellow at maturity. They have a fiberless flesh with a somewhat large seed, and have a citrusy flavor when ‘regular ripe’. They should be allowed to turn a bronze-color when they achieve their full flavor and sweetness, best described as an Indochinese-indian hybrid class flavor.
The trees have a low growth habit that makes them very manageable. Their anthracnose resistance is best termed ‘moderate’, usually not encountering problems until deeper inland. Production ranges from ‘fair’ to ‘good’. Fairchild is an early-to-mid season mango in Florida typically ripening from June to July. Our Fairchild tree has struggled with micronutrient deficiency issues and we are in the process of attempting to rejuvenate it. We previously grew a number of Fairchild trees in Loxahatchee Groves where they were inconsistent bearers due to fungus at the flowering stages.
This mango is sometimes labelled under the name ‘Fralan’ or ‘Falang’. It is a Thai mango that typically stays mostly green at maturity. The fruit are oblong and small-to-medium, with a fiberless, dark orange flesh that has a rich flavor at maturity slightly different from typical-Thai flavor, perhaps more reminiscent of Egyptian mangos.
The fruit is primarily consumed green in Thailand however and we sell most of the Falans at the green stage. The tree has a slow, spreading growth habit, but long internodes, so not truly a dwarf. They are certainly manageable trees however, and appear to be fungus resistant. The fruit ripen from late June into July.
This mango was obtained from the USDA in 2017. We don’t know anything about it.
Fiji Short was supplied to us by the USDA in 2017. We don’t know anything else about it.
Florigon was the result of a home hybridization project by John Kaiser of Ft. Lauderdale, who was once the police chief there. Kaiser planted different seeds of ‘Saigon’ mangos and selected one that likely had Haden as pollinating parent which fruited in 1936. He named this seedling the ‘Florigon’, a combination of the words ‘Florida’ and ‘Saigon’.
The fruit are yellow and ovate in shape, with a yellow soft and fiberless flesh that has a mild-sweet Indochinese. Heavy rainfall can wash out Florigon’s flavor, but during dry weather they are nice fruit. The trees are medium vigorous growers with open canopies and somewhat vertical growth habit. They have outstanding anthracnose resistance, and routinely fruited for us under heavy disease pressure in Loxahatchee Groves even when they were not sprayed. The trees are good producers as well. Florigon is an early-season mango and typically ripens from May through June.
This mango was reported by the person who grew it to be a Haden seedling, but it almost certainly has Keitt in its parentage based on its growth, foliage and fruiting habit. Selected in Miami, this mango received some attention for being promoted by the Fairchild Mango Festival. It has a lanky growth habit with large leaves reminiscent of Keitt. It’s a good producer of medium-sized, yellowish fruit with fiberless flesh that have a mild flavor.
Anthracnose resistance appears to be reasonably good and the tree would fruit in Loxahatchee Groves under high disease pressure. We took budwood from this tree and planted another in West Palm Beach in 2017. Frances Hargrave is a mid-season mango ripening mainly in July.
Fruit Punch is a seedling of Zill-80 from the breeding program of Gary Zill in Boynton Beach, FL (planting number M-23). The fruit fall under the classic-acidic group and have a limited window period where the flavor is ideal. The trees appear to be good producers, but the fruit are very susceptible to bacterial spot (visible in photo) and rot. We planted a Fruit Punch tree in 2016 and it fruited in 2018.
Fukuda is a Keitt seedling from Hawaii. It was described as productive and having commercial potential. It has a lanky growth habit with open canopy much like Keitt. The fruit are smaller however, oval-shaped and turning a white-ish yellow color at maturity. The flesh is firm with scanty fiber, with a mild classic flavor. We found Fukuda was susceptible to rot and bacterial spot and may ultimately topwork this tree. It ripens mid-season from late June into July.
This mango is from Egypt. It is yellow and has a long oblong shape. We planted Gaylour in 2017 for evaluation.
Gao Lim Krong is supposedly from Thailand. We obtained our tree from a nursery in southwest Florida and at first thought it might be the same mango as ‘Ivory’, but now believe it to be a distinct cultivar.
The fruit are enlongated like Ivory but have a darker flesh and superior flavor, also slightly smaller. It is an early season mango here and has grown rather slowly, enough to label it a dwarf tree.
Gary is thought to be a cross between the Carrie and Pettigrew cultivars, and was selected by the Zill family of Boynton Beach in the 1970s as a random seedling.
The fruit is on the small size, oval in shape. It has a soft fiberless flesh with very distinctive coconut flavor likely inherited from the Pettigrew, some describing it as a Pina Colada flavor, with a high degree of sweetness to go with it. Along the coast it will turn yellow when ripe but when grown inland it stays green.
The trees are moderately vigorous growers with dense canopies. They are highly fungus prone, and really only suitable for growing near the coast. They also tend to produce too many male flowers, which can limit fruit set for many.
We have had poor luck attempting to grow Gary as our first tree turned out to be a runt and was removed; the replacement has grown slowly as well and we’re considering topworking a larger tree into it to jumpstart the evaluation process. Gary is a mid-season variety in south Florid
This is from Gary Zill’s breeding program in Boynton Beach, FL (planting number 35-6) and was a seedling of ‘Tower’. We started growing it in 2017.
Glenn was a seedling selected in Miami, FL by Roscoe Glenn in 1944. It was reported to be a Haden seedling but Roscoe Glenn affirmed that it was actually a seedling of a ‘Saigon’ mango. Haden was probably the pollinating parent though.
The trees are medium size growers with dense canopies, and are regular producers with good anthracnose resistance, fruiting well even in marginal interior locations. They have a mild peachy flavor that is delightful during dry weather, though can be washed out under wet conditions. The fruit are small-to-medium sized and develop nice red or orange blush at maturity. They make excellent trees for home growers, and ripen early season from May to June.
Gold Nugget was a seedling selected by Edward Mitchel, a commercial mango grower in Miami, FL, in the 1980s. Mitchell later patented the variety, making it one of the few patented Florida mangos. It was likely a Kent seedling, and its season mimicks Kent, occurring from late July into August.
The fruit is oval shaped and turns a yellow-orange color at maturity. The flesh is orange, firm, and has a somewhat mild flavor. The trees are low-vigour and spreading growth habit, and they fruit fairly consistently and heavily, and the fruit have good shelf life. Because they are descended from Brooks, we are monitoring Gold Nugget for susceptibility to bacterial black spot and rot diseases.
This mango was a seedling of ‘Lippens’, selected by Peter and Irene Lippens of Miami, FL. The seed was planted in 1942 and first fruited in 1951.
The Golden Lippens was publicized and described by the Florida Mango Forum in the 1950s, but despite its good production traits, it never became a commonly planted variety.
The trees are medium-sized growers, and very good producers. The fruit are medium-to-large sized, oval-oblong in shape, turning yellow at maturity. The flesh has scanty fiber, with a mild flavor somewhat comparable to that of Valencia Pride. They are mid season for maturity and ripen from July to August
This mango is from Indonesia. The trees are somewhat dwarfish and good producers of very light flavored/mild yellow oblong fruit. We planted one in 2015.
Gopher is another mango from mango enthusiast David Burd of Naples, FL. It was described to us as a large fruit. That’s about all we know about it as of now. We planted one in 2017.
We obtained this mango from the USDA in 2015. It’s been described as a productive Indian-type mango.
We don’t know anything else about it. It has grown rather slowly and yet to fruit.
Graham is from Trinidad, and most likely was a Julie seedling. It was brought to Jamaica where it is grown in the southwest region of the island. Despite this most people from Jamaica are unfamiliar with Graham, even though most enjoy it very much once they try it. It’s a somewhat boxy-round shaped medium-sized fruit that turns yellow at maturity along the coast, staying green inland. The flesh is orange, fiberless, and very resinous and spice-noted, with the right amount of sweetness to balance it all out. The trees are only average producers due to dropping a lot of their small mangos. They are medium-sized trees with spreading growth habits. Graham matures mid-season in Florida mostly from late-June into July.
Guava was seedling tree growing in Jupiter. Walter Zill was impressed with its flavor and grafted from it before the original tree was cut down.
The fruit are small and have an ovate shape like ‘Zill’ and are greenish-yellow at maturity. The flesh is fiberless with an incredible strong aroma reminiscent of a guava, hence the name.
The flavor is Indian-type with rich, robust spice notes and great sweetness. This is a wonderful fruit, and we planted a Guava tree in 2016 for evaluation.
Haden was a seedling of Mulgoba, a cross between the Mulgoba and a Turpentine mango. It was part of a planting of 4 dozen seedlings planted by Capt. John Haden of Coconut Grove, FL in 1902. The tree fruited in 1910 and was named by his widow Florence. It was quickly recognized as the first promising seedling to be selected in Florida, and quickly became the most propagated mango in Florida and the first to be grown commercially.
The fruit are round, medium sized, and turn a beautiful red with yellow background color at maturity. The flesh has a moderate amount of fiber, with a sweet ‘classic’ peachy flavor. The fruit are prone to internal breakdown if allowed to ripen on the tree and susceptible to anthracnose.
The trees themselves are vigorous growers with spreading dense canopies. Haden has long been outclassed by many varieties that have come out since it debuted, and most Florida varieties can trace at least part of their lineage to it. It is still loved by many older Floridians who grew up with Haden and have a nostalgic attachment to it. The fruit are early season typically ripening from June to July.
Harvest Moon was reportedly an Edward seedling from Gary Zill’s breeding program in Boynton Beach, FL (planting number 4-20) which may have crossed with Carrie or Val-Carrie. The fruit are huge, up to 3 pounds, round, and shaped more like a Kent mango. They turn light orange at maturity sometimes with some red blush. The fruit is firm fleshed, sweet in the classic-flavor group with notes of ‘plum’. The trees are very vigorous, upright growers. They have developed a reputation as poor producers that drop a lot of the fruit they set, but our Harvest Moon has performed acceptably and best described an average producer considering the size of its fruit.
They mature from July into August.
Hatcher was a hybrid between ‘Haden’ and ‘Brooks’ planted by John Hatcher of Lantana, FL in the 1930s. The fruit was touted for being a mid-season mango that bridged the gap between Haden and Brooks, with large size, good flesh-to-seed ratio and fiberless flesh.
The fruit are round, can exceed 2 pounds, and develop a pastel red blush color.The flavor is of the classic-group, the notes of peach and stone fruit.
The trees tend to be alternate bearers but produce heavily in “on” years. Hatcher has been found to be highly prone to rot fungi, now frequently losing a majority of its crop to this new disease. We no longer recommend its planting, and have topworked one of our Hatcher trees already because of this problem.The fruit mature from July to August.
Herbie was selected by David Burd of Naples, FL and is of unknown origin. The fruit are medium-sized, ovoid-oblong, developing some red color with yellow background.
The flavor is in the classic group and quite good. Not much else is known about it so we planted one in 2017.
This mango is from Egypt and was originally thought to be 'Hindi Bessenara'. The fruit are small in size, oval-oblong in shape. They often stay green at maturity but can turn a light yellow. The flesh is fiberless, rich and sweet with a syrupy sweet floral flavor somewhat comparable to a Thai mango despite speculated to be of Indian origin. The trees are good producers and relatively anthracnose resistant. They are somewhat vigorous growers and have long internodes between the leaves. Hindi Khas is early season usually maturing from June to July.
Hodson is an old Florida mango from the Miami area. Its a small round fruit with brilliant red color. The flesh is mealy and very mild in flavor. Trees are vigorous, vertical growers.
This was a Keitt seedling from the breeding program of Gary Zill in Boynton Beach, FL (planting number 43-26). It was originally going to be discarded before being rescued by his brother Walter Zill, who found the trees to be very productive at his property.
The fruit are small-to-medium sized, yellow developing some pink blush near maturity. The flesh is yellow, firm, fiberless, and in the classic-flavor group, with mild-sweet flavor. We’ve found the tree to be a slow, low-vigour grower with a spreading growth habit. They are a late-season mango ripening between late-July and September. The fruit have a nice sweet flavor and have proven popular.
Ice Cream originated in Trinidad and is likely descended from ‘Julie’. It was introduced to the US by Maurice Kong in the 1990s.
The fruit are very small, ovate-round in shape, and turn slightly yellow when they ripen. The flesh is fiberless with a very unique and complex flavor loaded with perfumy spice notes and sweetness. The trees are very slow growers, somewhat dwarfish, with distinctive thin leaves. Unfortunately they are very fungus prone and not very productive. For this reason they aren’t a good choice for backyards. Ice Cream is a mid-season mango in south Florida maturing in July.
The Irwin mango was a cross between the Lippens and Haden cultivars, selected by F.D. Irwin of Miami, FL in the 1940s.
The trees were observed to be low growers with spreading growth habit and produced a small-to-medium sized oval shaped fruit with a gorgeous crimson red blush. The flesh is fiberless, soft, and has a very mild flavor in the classic group. The trees are quite productive, particularly near the coast, but become anthracnose prone in the interior.
Irwin would fruit for us in Loxahatchee but get a decent amount of fungus. It is an early season mango and ripens from June to July.
We obtained this tree from a local nursery under the name ‘Isis’ and planted it in 2015.
In 2018 we discovered it was a mislabeled Jean Ellen.
Itamaraca is from Brazil and apparently there maybe be several ‘iterations’ of it ( get it? haha :P). The fruit are very small and round, sometimes flying saucer shaped. They’re green but develop some red blush at maturity. It is reported to be early season in ripening.
The flesh is fiberless and supposedly of good quality but we haven’t tried it yet. The trees are spreading growers with a reputed dwarfish-growth habit. We planted our Itamaraca in 2017 for evaluation.
Ivory is from Thailand where it is also known as ‘Nang Klang Wan’ and may be synonymous with ‘Elephant Tusk mango’. The fruit are long-oblong in shape, medium sized, turning yellow at maturity. The flesh is very sweet, fiberless, and somewhat insipid. It may be good as a green fruit.
The trees are vigorous growers with vertical growth habit, and are not precocious at all, taking a while to go into production. They do produce well once they reach that point however. Ivory is a mid-season mango in Florida maturing late-June into July.
The Jakarta mango was likely a chance seedling of ‘Kent’ selected on the property of the Zill family in Boynton Beach, FL several decades ago. It may have had ‘Bombay’ in its parentage as well based on flavor characteristics.
The fruit are medium-to-large sized, ovately shaped and develop and orange-red blush at maturity. The flesh is fiberless, and extremely resinous and piney with spice undertones. A flavor loved by many from India and the West Indies but at times too strong for the American palate.
The trees have an earned reputation for fruiting poorly, particularly in the interior where they are very disease-prone. Along the coast they can be steady producers, and anecdotal evidence indicates cross-pollination compatibility may have a significant influence on Jakarta’s production habits. The trees are very vigorous growers with upright, open canopies. Due to this and their production habit they’re a poor option for most backyards. Jakarta has a long season and can mature from late-May into July.
This mango was probably a Haden seedling and was selected in West Palm Beach, FL in the 1950s by Jack Faircloth, the former mayor of West Palm Beach. He named the fruit after his daughter. It was recognized as being a productive and having attractive-looking fruit.
They are medium-to-large sized, round-shaped and turn red with yellow background color at maturity. The flesh is soft, melting, and fiberless, with a medium-sweet classic flavor with some pineapple undertones. The trees are reliable heavy producers, but somewhat disease prone. They appear to be susceptible to bacterial spot and the new rot fungi specifically, and the flowers are fairly prone to powdery mildew. On the plus side, Jaqueline fruited several times under heavy fungal pressure in Loxahatchee Groves for us.
They are very vigorous growers, with open upright canopy.It is an early season mango in south Florida, maturing primarily in June and early July most years.
Janardhan Passand is from India and sometimes used for pickling, though it is supposed to be very good as a ripe fruit as well. It also has a reputation as a very attractive looking fruit. We planted our Janardan Passand in 2017 for further evaluation.
This mango is from Haiti. We obtained it from the USDA in 2017 under the name ‘Janmarie’ but we believe its correct name is ‘Jean Marie’. It was planted in 2018.We don’t know much else about it.
The J.B. 2 is another mango from mango enthusiast David Burd of Naples, FL. The initials stand for Jenny Burd, David’s wife’s name. We don’t know much else about this fruit but planted a tree in 2016.
This mango was originally called ‘Early Lemony Saigon’ and came from Frank Smathers property in Miami, FL. It was re-named ‘Jean Ellen’ by Richard Campbell and promoted by Fairchild Tropical Garden as a curator’s choice mango at the Mango Festival a number of times.
The fruit are completely yellow, small, oblong in shape similar to ‘Philippine’ or ‘Saigon’, with some fiber in its light-yellow colored flesh. It has a piney spiced flavor that is somewhat similar to that of the Indian Kesar mango, and is in the Indian/West Indian-flavor group.
The trees tend to flower early, usually multiple times. Their season runs from April to June in years when they bear multiple crops. The growth habit is medium vigorous, with open canopy and upright growth habit. The flowers are a little fungal prone, so we’re evaluating Jean Ellen long term for its production consistency.
Jehangir is a variety from India that was named after a Mughal Emperor. It is a medium-sized round shaped fruit that develops very little color, with a fiberless, medium firm flesh that is very light in color, almost white.
The flavor is resinous and spice-noted, with a moderate level of sweetness. It is somewhat similar to Alampur Baneshan in its flesh color and flavor.
The tree has a very compact, slow-growth habit, and doesn’t appear to fruit very heavily in Florida. We managed to get some fruit from it in Loxahatchee a few times. Our tree in West Palm Beach struggled and had to be replaced with a new one which has been growing since 2016. We hope to have a crop from it in 2018.
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